讲座主题：Education Expansion and Income Inequality: Empirical Evidence from China
嘉宾简介：万广华，复旦大学特聘二级教授、世界经济研究所所长，联合国、亚洲开发银行前高级官员；清华大学中国农村研究院学术委员会委员；《经济研究》、《中国农村观察》和China and the World Economy等期刊的编委。多次获得省部级研究奖，包括张培刚发展经济学著作奖、中国农村发展研究奖、《管理世界》及Regional Studies Association优秀论文奖等；入选上海“国家级高层次人才”，数次进入《世界名人录》。根据最新RePEc（IDEAS personal ranking compilation)对经济学家的排名，在全球居前5%，在亚洲和中国居前3%。
内容摘要：Education has long been perceived as a “great equalizer”. However, despite universal rises in schooling years, income distribution has been worsening world-wide. In this paper we propose a method that decomposes the contribution of a variable to a change in inequality into three components: the mean, the dispersion, and the price components. The method is then used to investigate the roles of the education variable in driving down China’s wage inequality from 2010 to 2018. We found that: (1) education contributes more than 30% to the total wage inequality in both 2010 and 2018; (2) education expansion accounts for 66% of the overall decline in wage inequality; (3) the 66% inequality-reducing effect are made of 90% benign dispersion and price components and 24% malign mean component. The benign components are attributable to the improvement in educational equity and the decrease in college premium.